The Treaty 2 Territory Nations hold that the title to the lands and waters within the boundaries of Treaty 2 Territory was established prior to the entering of Treaty 2 and was recognized by the Treaty;
- that through Treaty, the Anishinaabe (Chippewa) Nation may have consented to the Imperial Crown exercising its sovereignty over a portion of Treaty 2 Territory and that the portion of Treaty 2 Territory over which sovereignty could be exercised consisted of certain lands to be taken up for the purpose of immigration and settlement and for no other purpose, and providing that compensation for the use of the lands taken up would be provided to the Treaty 2 First Nations by the Crown;
- and further providing that prior to the Crown’s taking up of the lands, stipulated areas of land would be reserved for the exclusive use and benefit for agricultural, residential and other purposes (Indian Act created reserves not the treaty);
- and further providing that the remainder of the lands within the boundaries of Treaty 2 territory would remain for the collective sustenance and livelihood of the Anishinaabe (Chippewa) Nation, subject to such further arrangements and agreements as might be made by the parties to Treaty 2 Territory.
The Anishinaabe territory is much larger and extends beyond our current territory. Today Treaty No.2 territory extends north of Treaty No.1 territory, along the east shore of Lake Winnipeg to Berens River, across to the Dauphin River along with water ways up to the northern tip of Waterhen Lake, across Lake Winnipegosis north of Duck Bay, then 2 miles west of the the source of the Shell River in Duck Mountain along the Assiniboine to Fort Ellice, 2 miles west, then to the Moose Mountain across the international border up to Brandon rapids located 2 miles east then to white mud river across over to the Drunken River, then to Winnipeg River where it started.
The territory includes 8,676,828 hectares of land (21,440,909 acres). Included within our territory are many of our mountains and waters which include; Duck Mountain, Hecla/ Grindstone Moose Mountain, Riding Mountain, Turtle Mountain and many lakes such as Dauphin Lake, Clear Lake, Childs Lake, south basin of Lake Winnipegosis and Lake Winnipeg and north basin of Lake Manitoba.
No other Treaty area in Canada has had this mixture of complicated historical circumstances which raise questions as to “who is Treaty 2 and who isn’t.”